ANEMIA - reducing the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit related to a unit volume of blood

ANURIA - reduction in the urine amount below 100 ml per day

DYSURIA - painful urination

BCC / blood cell counts / - ratio of different types of leukocytes in peripheral blood showing characteristic changes in several disease states

ENURESIS – incontinence

ERYTHROCYTE – red blood cells

INSULIN – pancreatic hormone that lowers blood sugar

SUMMARY blood counts – includes red blood cell count, total leukocyte count, platelets

CREATININE – a degradation product of metabolism

LEUKOCYTES – white blood cells

LYMPHOCYTES – a subset of leukocytes

LIPIDS – fats

MCN – Fate Content of hemoglobin in one erythrocyte, caotnoshenie between the Content of hemoglobin and erythrocyte count

MCNC – Average concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin

MCV - Average volume of individual erythrocyte

MICROHAEMATURIA – blood in the urine, which can be only detected with testing

MONOCYTES – a subset of leukocytes

NEUTROPHILS – a subset of granulocytes

NOCTURIA – frequent urination at night

OLIGURIA – quantitative decrease in urine from 100 to 500 ml per day

GOUT – a disease caused by high levels of uric acid in blood

POLYURIA – quantitative excretion > 3 liters a day

FULL BLOOD COUNT – blood counts and short subgroups of leukocytes

RETICULOCYTES – young, immature red blood cells

REFERENT VALUES – normal values

ESR – measuring the speed of sedimentation of blood cells, the surest sign of the presence of inflammation in the body

TRANSAMINASE – cellular enzyme in the liver

TRIGLYCERIDES – neutral fats

THROMBUS – a blood stopper in the arteries or veins

THROMBOPENIA – low amount of platelets

PLATELETS – blood platelets important for blood coagulation

TUMOR MARKERS - biological substances produced by the tumor cells themselves, and healthy tissues under the influence of a malignant process.

UREA – breakdown product of purines

"AVERAGE PORTION" URINE – a portion of urine collected in the middle of urination

PCV – the ratio of the volume of blood cell counts to its total volume

HEMOGLOBIN – the red dye of blood

HYPERGLYCAEMIA – high blood sugar

HYPOGLYCAEMIA – low blood sugar

HEMATOCRIT lipoic, fat like substance, whose high values in blood condition the risk of atherosclerosis


1. “Guide of laboratory tests” under the edition of Dr. A. Zhitarska,
2. “Fundamentals of clinical laboratory diagnostics“ of Assoc. Prof. Dr. R. Pateva